Clinical Research Study of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Using Peripheral Blood CD34+ Cells Modified With the Lenti/G-βAS3-FB Lentiviral Vector

Study point of contact

Donald Kohn, MD
310-794-1964
[email protected]
Gary Schiller, MD
310-206-5755
[email protected]

Locations

1 United States site

Age

> 18 Years

Phase

Phase 1/Phase 2

Study type

Interventional

Gender

All

Interventions

Biological

Compensation

Unknown

About the study

This Phase I clinical trial will assess the safety and initial evidence for efficacy of an
autologous transplant of lentiviral vector modified peripheral blood for adults with severe
sickle cell disease.

participation requirements

– Age ≥18 by time of enrollment

– Diagnosis of SCD documented by genetic analysis (S/S, S/β-thalassemia-zero)

– Must not have medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10
allele-matched unrelated donor (within a year prior to harvest) (or refuses to have an
allogeneic HSCT)

– Inadequate clinical response to hydroxyurea (HU), defined as any one of the following
outcomes, while on HU for at least 3 months:

– 2 or more acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization

– no rise in Hb >1.5 gm/dl from pre-HU baseline or requires transfusion to maintain
Hb > 6.0 gm/dL

– Has an episode of acute chest syndrome defined as development of a new pulmonary
alveolar consolidation involving at least one complete lung segment associated
with acute symptoms including: fever >38.5, chest pain, tachypnea, intercostal
retractions, nasal flaring, use of accessory muscles of respiration, wheezing,
rales, or cough not attributable to asthma or bronchiolitis) in the preceding two
year period prior to enrollment. The acute chest syndrome event occurred despite
adequate supportive care measures.

– Or medical decision for other therapy (e.g. chronic transfusion program), or
subject refusal to take HU.

– The patient must be off HU for at least 30 days (+/- 5 days) before PBSC collection.

– Must have one or more of the following clinical complications demonstrating disease
severity:

– Clinically-significant neurologic event: stroke or any central nervous system
deficit lasting >24 hours.

– Abnormal head CT or brain MRI demonstrating previous stroke

– Administration of regular RBC transfusions for equal or longer than 1 year to
prevent vaso- occlusive crises or other sickle cell disease complications or to
maintain Hb >6.

– Pulmonary arterial hypertension with tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity > 2.5
m/sec within 1 year prior to enrollment

– At least one episode of acute chest syndrome that required hospitalization,
within the 2 years prior to enrollment

– At least 2 acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization within the 2 years
prior to enrollment

– Severe osteonecrosis

– History of acute dactylitis during childhood

– Recurrent priapism (2 or more episodes)

– Karnofsky performance score ≥60%

PARTICIPANT

participation restrictions

– Patient has a medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10
allele-matched unrelated donor (unless they refuse to have an allogeneic HSCT).

– Cardiac evaluation: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% or LV shortening fraction < 26% by cardiac echocardiogram or by MUGA scan or clinically significant ECG abnormalities. - Poorly controlled hypertension as determined by BP with systolic >135 or diastolic >95
mmHg despite treatment.

– Pulmonary evaluation: baseline oxygen saturation of <85% or DLCO< 40% (corrected for Hb) - Renal evaluation: serum creatinine >1.5x upper limit of normal for age or GFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2 within 90 days prior to PBSC collection. - Hepatic evaluation: serum conjugated (direct) bilirubin > 2x upper limit of normal for
age as per local laboratory or ALT and AST > 5 times upper limit of normal as per
local laboratory within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.

– Hematologic evaluation: Leukopenia (WBC< 3x103/uL) or neutropenia (ANC < 1.0x103/uL) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100x103/uL) within 90 days prior to PBSC collection. - PT/INR or PTT >1.5x upper limit of normal or other clinically significant bleeding
disorder to

– Liver Iron >10mg/g by T2* MRI (within 1 year prior to PBSC collection).

– Seropositivity for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), HCV (Hepatitis C Virus), HTLV-1
(Human T-Lymphotropic Virus), or active Hepatitis B Virus, or active infection by CMV
or parvovirus B19, based on positive blood PCR.

– Pregnancy

– Patient must not have any known cancer or other malignant disease or active infection
by CT or MRI of head, chest or ultrasound of abdomen

– Abnormal karyotype by cytogenetic or other appropriate tests.

Locations

  • Los Angeles, California, United States, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), 90095 [Recruiting]