Near-infrared Spectroscopy in Sickle Cell Pediatric Patients During Pain Crisis and After Recovery

Study point of contact

Elaine Passley, CCRP
2024765532
[email protected]
Suvankar Majumdar, MD
2024763800
[email protected]

Locations

1 United States site

Age

6 to 21 Years

Genotypes

hemoglobin SS

Study type

Observational

Gender

All

Interventions

Diagnostic Test

Compensation

Unknown

About the study

Endothelial dysfunction contributes to vaso-occlusion and acute pain in sickle cell disease.
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology can measure tissue oxygenation and endothelial
function. The main objective of this study is to study the natural history of tissue muscle
oxygenation using NIRS in pediatric sickle cell subjects experiencing acute pain and
pediatric sickle cell patients in steady-state.

participation requirements

for Subjects with Sickle Cell Disease in Pain Crisis:

1. Age 6 to 21 years old.

2. Diagnosis of sickle cell anemia: a. Diagnosis of sickle cell disease (electrophoresis
or HPLC documentation of hemoglobin SS, SC, S-beta-thalassemia or other
hemoglobinopathies causing sickle cell disease is required).

3. Acute onset pain crisis in a distribution typical for that subject, onset within the
last 7 days and for which hospitalization and parenteral narcotic pain treatment are
required.

4. Ability to provide informed written consent.

participation restrictions

for Subjects with Sickle Cell Disease in Pain Crisis:

1. Pregnancy.

2. History of non-trivial injury, burns, surgery or skin ulcers on the arms.

3. Fever or suspected sepsis at time of pain crisis

4. Administration of any of the following drugs within the last 14 days:

– Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil)

– Endothelin-1 receptor blockers (bosentan, sitaxentan, ambrisentan, tezosentan)

– Nitric oxide donors (nitroglycerin, nitroprusside, nitrates)

5. Ingestion of caffeine within the 12 hours before the start of the study appointment,
or tobacco use within the 30 days before the study appointment.

6. Diagnosis with any of the following chronic diseases or conditions:

– History of high blood pressure

– History of high cholesterol

– History of diabetes

– History of chronic kidney disease (serum creatinine must not be greater than 2
mg/dL)

– History of coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease

7. Received a blood transfusion within 7 days of the study procedure.

Locations

  • Washington, District of Columbia, United States, Children's National Medical Center, 20010 [Recruiting]
Last updated 2021-03-01 Enroll Now