Near-infrared Spectroscopy in Sickle Cell Pediatric Patients During Pain Crisis and After Recovery

About the study

Endothelial dysfunction contributes to vaso-occlusion and acute pain in sickle cell disease. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology can measure tissue oxygenation and endothelial function. The main objective of this study is to study the natural history of tissue muscle oxygenation using NIRS in pediatric sickle cell subjects experiencing acute pain and pediatric sickle cell patients in steady-state.

Study point of contact

Suvankar Majumdar, MD
2024763800
[email protected]

Locations

1 United States site

Age

6 Years - 21 Years

Genotypes

hemoglobin SS

Study type

Observational

Gender

All

Interventions

Diagnostic Test

participation requirements

for Subjects with Sickle Cell Disease in Pain Crisis:

Age 6 to 21 years old.
Diagnosis of sickle cell anemia: a. Diagnosis of sickle cell disease (electrophoresis or HPLC documentation of hemoglobin SS, SC, S-beta-thalassemia or other hemoglobinopathies causing sickle cell disease is required).
Acute onset pain crisis in a distribution typical for that subject, onset within the last 7 days and for which hospitalization and parenteral narcotic pain treatment are required.
Ability to provide informed written consent.

participation restrictions

for Subjects with Sickle Cell Disease in Pain Crisis:

Pregnancy.
History of non-trivial injury, burns, surgery or skin ulcers on the arms.
Fever or suspected sepsis at time of pain crisis

Administration of any of the following drugs within the last 14 days:

Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil)
Endothelin-1 receptor blockers (bosentan, sitaxentan, ambrisentan, tezosentan)
Nitric oxide donors (nitroglycerin, nitroprusside, nitrates)
Ingestion of caffeine within the 12 hours before the start of the study appointment, or tobacco use within the 30 days before the study appointment.

Diagnosis with any of the following chronic diseases or conditions:

History of high blood pressure
History of high cholesterol
History of diabetes
History of chronic kidney disease (serum creatinine must not be greater than 2 mg/dL)
History of coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease
Received a blood transfusion within 7 days of the study procedure.

Locations

  • Washington, District of Columbia, United States, Children's National Medical Center
Last updated 2022-03-31