Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection From Patients With Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Using Plerixafor

Study point of contact

Akshay Sharma, MBBS
866-278-5833
[email protected]

Locations

1 United States site

Age

10 to 25 Years

Phase

Phase 2

Study type

Interventional

Gender

All

Interventions

Drug

Compensation

Unknown

About the study

With recent advances in gene editing, gene therapy is becoming a viable curative treatment
option for sickle cell disease. In order to do genetic manipulation, investigators need to
collect hematopoietic stem cells from patients with sickle cell disease. In this study,
investigators want to study the safety and feasibility of collecting peripheral blood stem
cells from pediatric and young adult patients with sickle cell disease after administering
plerixafor. Studying these peripheral blood stem cells will help in optimizing the yield of
peripheral CD34+ cells from pediatric and young adult patients with sickle cell disease,
which in turn will help to develop better gene therapies for these patients.

Primary Objectives

– Determine the safety profile associated with administration of plerixafor in pediatric
and young adult patients with sickle cell disease (SCD).

– To estimate the number of CD34+ cells/kg of body weight that can be collected with
peripheral apheresis after administration of plerixafor in pediatric and young adult
patients with SCD.

Exploratory Objectives

– To describe the kinetics of CD34+ cell mobilization in peripheral blood after – + cells
obtained from pediatric and young adult patients with SCD.

– To study the effect of hydroxyurea therapy on senescence in plerixafor-mobilized CD34+
cells obtained from pediatric and young adult patients with SCD.

participation requirements

– Patients with severe SCD who are 10-25 years old and are willing to donate autologous
HSCs for advancing future gene therapy for SCD. Parents/legal guardians of
participants must be able and willing to consent for their participation in this
study. Severe SCD, for the purpose of this study, will be defined as patients who are
receiving chronic transfusion therapy due to SCD related complications. The need for
undergoing chronic transfusion therapy must be determined by the primary hematologist.
Some patients may continue to receive hydroxyurea in addition to and simultaneously
with blood transfusion therapy. Such patients are eligible for inclusion on the study
if they hold hydroxyurea for at least 4 weeks. The ability to hold hydroxyurea (or
not) with ongoing chronic transfusion therapy will be made by the primary hematologist
as well. All genotypes of SCD will be eligible.

– Adequate renal function: serum/plasma creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL and creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (as calculated by the Crockcroft-Gault formula).

– Adequate liver function: direct bilirubin < 2.5 times the upper limit of normal range, AST and ALT < 5 times the upper limit of normal range. - Blood counts: WBC > 3,000/mm^3, granulocytes > 1,000/mm^3, hemoglobin > 7.0 g/dL,
platelets > 150,000/mm^3.

– Female patients of childbearing age should have a negative serum pregnancy test within
one week of beginning plerixafor administration, have had a hysterectomy, be
post-menopausal.

– Negative serologic tests for syphilis, hepatitis B and C, HIV, and HTLV-1/II.

– Participants should either have a central line in place or be able to undergo
apheresis without the necessity of the insertion of a central venous catheter

– Participants of childbearing potential should agree to use of an effective form of
contraception during treatment and for at least 1 week after the last dose of
plerixafor.

– ECOG performance status/Karnofsky score/Lansky score >80.

participation restrictions

– Pregnancy. Female patients of childbearing age should have a negative serum pregnancy
test within one week of beginning plerixafor administration, except those that have
had a hysterectomy, or are post-menopausal.

– Active viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection.

– History of cancer, excluding squamous carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in
situ.

– Active and painful splenomegaly or splenomegaly (size greater than upper limit of
normal) or splenic sequestration determined by ultrasound.

– Previous history of splenomegaly or splenic sequestration, unless HbS level of <30% is documented within 48-72 hours of each plerixafor dose - Allergy to plerixafor. - Patients receiving hydroxyurea will not be included in the study. However, they may be included if the primary hematologist determines that hydroxyurea can be safely discontinued for at least 4 weeks prior to the plerixafor administration and apheresis. Generally, patients receiving chronic transfusion therapy can safely discontinue hydroxyurea therapy as there is unlikely to be any added benefit, but this will be determined by the primary treating hematologist. - Poor cardiac function, as defined by an ejection fraction < 40%. - History of clinically proven pulmonary hypertension. - Emergency room admission or hospitalization in the past 14 days prior to first dose of study drug. - Major surgery in the past 30 days prior to first dose of study drug.

Locations

  • Memphis, Tennessee, United States, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 38105 [Recruiting]