Study of the Immunogenicity of a Prime Boost Vaccination Strategy Combining Conjugated Anti-pneumococcal and Polysaccharide Anti-pneumococcal Vaccine Compared to Polysaccharide Anti -Pneumococcal Vaccine Alone in Patients With Sickle Cells Disease

Locations

1 France site

Age

> 18 Years

Genotypes

SC

Phase

Phase 2

Study type

Interventional

Gender

All

Interventions

Biological

Compensation

Unknown

About the study

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the major cause of bacterial infection in patients with sickle
cells disease.

The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PSV) is supposed to be poorly immunogenic
in these patients. We want to evaluate whether a prime with a 13-valent pneumococcal
conjugate vaccine (PCV), able to induce immunologic memory, would improve the immune response
against SP polysaccharides (SPP).

Primary objective: To evaluate and compare the specific antibody response to a prime-boost
vaccine strategy combining PCV prime at W0 followed by the administration of PSV boost at W4,
to the administration of PSV alone at W4 in patients with sickle cells disease.

Secondary objectives: Evaluation and comparison of the specific antibody response to the
thirteen pneumococcal serotypes shared by the PCV and PSV vaccines, 4 weeks after the single
PSV vaccination for patients from Group 1 or 4 weeks after the boost PSV vaccination for
patients from group 2. Evaluation of the duration of the specific antibody response at W24
and 96. Evaluation of the T CD4 lymphocyte response to the CRM 197 protein. Safety of the
vaccines.

Study Design: Randomised, monocentric, controlled phase II study of the immunological
efficacy of a prime boost strategy combining the sequential administration of the PCV and
PSV, compared to the administration of the PSV alone. 180 adults patients with sickle cells
disease will be included. The primary endpoint : proportion of responders at W8 to at least
10 of thirteen serotypes. Secondary endpoints : Proportion of responders at W8 according to 4
categories of responders: 5-7; 3-4; 2-1 and 0. Evaluation of the pneumococcal
opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) at baseline and W8 for each serotype, defined as the
proportion of patients with OPA > 1:8 geometric mean of the specific antibody titers
proportion of patients who experienced an increase of specific antibody levels 1 g/ml.
Evaluation of the priming effect of the PCV vaccine in the group 1. Duration of the specific
antibody responses at week 24 and W96. CD4 T lymphocyte responses to the CRM 197 protein
(proliferative and cytokine production) at weeks 0, 8 and 12. Safety of the vaccines
frequency of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections.

Statistical Considerations: With a sample size of 180 patients, and a randomization ration of
1:1, the study will have a power of at least 90% to show a difference of 25% category between
the group receiving PCV and PSV vs the group receiving PSV alone (two-sided type I error =
5%). The primary comparison between both groups will be performed using a Chi2 test for
independent groups or a Fisher exact test where appropriate.

participation requirements

– Age ≥ 18 years

– Adult patient with sickle cell anemia (SS homozygous, SC heterozygous compound
Sbetathal heterozygous)

participation restrictions

– Heterozygous sickle cell anemia

– Active infection

– Hypersensitivity known or suspected to Prevenar 13® or to Pneumo 23® or to any of the
excipients included in the formulation or in the administration system

– Coagulation abnormality indicating against an intramuscular injection (Platelets <50 000 or TP<50%) - Current chemotherapy or radiotherapy, except for using Siklos®/Hydrea® in the context of sickle cell anemia - Vaccination whatever in the last 2 months before inclusion, except influenza vaccination (within 30 days) - Vaccination whatever, provided in the first 2 months of participation in research, except influenza vaccination (in the first month of participation in the research) - History of pneumococcal vaccination with Pneumo 23® in the previous 3 years - History of pneumococcal vaccination with Pneumo 23® - End-stage renal failure(dialyzed patient, clearance<10ml/mn) - HIV infection at baseline - Pregnancy or breastfeeding (A dosage of betaHCG will be conducted for women in childbearing age) - Contraception during the first 8 weeks of the test for women in childbearing age - Participation in a clinical research protocol using a drug or a vaccine in the previous month - No medical assurance - Adults under tutelage

Locations

  • Creteil, France, Henri Mondor Hospital, 94010