A Multicentre Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Decitabine Tetrahydrouridine (NDec) in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease

About the study

This study examines how well a new, potential medicine called NDec works and is tolerated in people with sickle cell disease. NDec is a combination of two medicines (decitabine-tetrahydrouridine). Both medicines are new for the treatment of sickle cell disease. Participants who are not taking Hydroxyurea (HU) will get NDec, NDec and placebo, or placebo. Participants who are on HU treatment before joining the study will get NDec, NDec and placebo, or continue on HU. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants getting NDec and/or Placebo will get capsules to take twice weekly. The study will last for about a year.

Study point of contact

Novo Nordisk
(+1) 866-867-7178
[email protected]


> 18 Years


Phase 2

Study type






participation requirements

Age above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent
Confirmed diagnosis of SCD (including HbSS, HbSC, HbSβ0 thalassaemia and HbSβ+ thalassaemia)
2-10 episodes of documented vaso-occlusive crisis (VOCs) within the last 12 months prior to the screening visit
Haemoglobin greater than or equal to 5.0 g/dL and below or equal to 10.5 g/dL at visit 1
Reticulocyte count above upper limit of the normal (ULN) at visit 1
Body weight 40 to 125 kg (inclusive).

participation restrictions

Patient is on chronic transfusion therapy as defined by receiving scheduled (pre-planned) series of blood transfusion (simple or exchange) for prophylactic purposes, or the patient is likely to begin chronic transfusion therapy during the course of the trial, or has received RBC or whole blood transfusion for any reason within 28 days of visit 1
Receipt of erythropoietin or other haematopoietic growth factor treatment within 28 days of signing ICF, or planned treatment with these agents during the trial
Receipt of voxelotor, crizanlizumab or L-glutamine treatment within 12 weeks of signing the informed consent form, or planned treatment with such agents during the trial
Platelet count greater than 800 x 10^9/L at visit 1
Absolute neutrophil count below or equal to 1.5 x 10^9/L at visit 1
Any condition/concurrent chronic disease involving the stomach or small intestine which may affect drug absorption, as per investigator’s judgement

Female who is

pregnant, breast-feeding or intends to become pregnant within 6 months after the final trial product administration
child-bearing potential and not using highly effective methods of contraception and whose male partner is not using effective contraception, at screening and until 6 months after the last dose of trial product

Male with female partner of childbearing potential who does not agree to use condom and whose female partner of childbearing potential is not using a highly effective contraceptive measure from trial start to:

Six (6) months after the last dose of trial product for patients on NDec/Placebo
Six (6) months after the last dose of trial product for patients outside US and CA randomised to HU
Twelve (12) months after the last dose of trial product for patients randomised to HU in US and CA

Last updated 2023-03-17