A Phase II Study of HLA-Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation to Treat Clinically Aggressive Sickle Cell Disease

About the study

The study is a Phase II clinical trial. Patients will receive intensity modulated total body irradiation (TBI) at a dose of 3 Gy with standard fludarabine/ i.v. cyclophosphamide conditioning prior to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

The primary objective of the study is to determine the engraftment at Day +60 following HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant protocol using immunosuppressive agents and low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) for conditioning and post-transplant cyclophosphamide in patients with sickle cell disease.

Study point of contact

Damiano Rondelli, MD
312 413-3547
[email protected]

Age

16 Years - 60 Years

Phase

Phase 2

Study type

Interventional

Gender

All

Interventions

Drug

Radiation

Procedure

Criteria

Patient Eligibility:

Patients with sickle cell disease are eligible if they have any of the following complications:

1.1 Stroke or central nervous system event lasting longer than 24 hours 1.2 Frequent vaso-occlusive pain episodes, defined as ≥ 3 per year requiring emergency room, acute care center, hospital admissions, or home bedrest leading to absence from work or school. 1.3 Recurrent episodes of priapism, defined as ≥ 2 per year requiring emergency room visits 1.4 Acute chest syndrome with recurrent hospitalizations, defined as ≥ 2 lifetime events 1.5 Red-cell alloimmunization (≥ 2 antibodies) during long-term transfusion therapy 1.6 Bilateral proliferative retinopathy with major visual impairment in at least one eye 1.7 Osteonecrosis of 2 or more joints 1.8 Sickle cell nephropathy, defined by a GFR < 90mL/min/1.73m2 or the presence of macroalbuminuria (urine albumin > 300 mg/g creatinine) 1.9 Pulmonary hypertension, defined by a mean pulmonary arterypressure >25mmHg

Age 16-60 years
Karnofsky performance status of 60 or higher (Appendix A)
Adequate cardiac function, defined as left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40%
Adequate pulmonary function, defined as diffusion lung capacity of carbon monoxide ≥ 50% predicted (after adjustment for hemoglobin concentration)
Estimated GFR ≥ 50mL/min/1.73m2 as calculated by the modified MDRD equation
ALT ≤ 3x upper limit of normal
HIV-negative
Patient is not pregnant
Patient is able and willing to sign informed consent
Patient does not have a fully HLA-matched sibling donor
Patient has an HLA-haploidentical relative

Donor Eligibility Relatives (parents, offspring, siblings, aunts/uncles, cousins) will be tested by molecular typing of HLA class I (A, B, and C) and class II (DRB1) at low resolution. Only those that are an HLA-haploidentical match (≥ 4/8) will be considered as a potential donor. NOTE: If during testing, a fully HLA-matched sibling donor is found and is willing to donate his/her stem cells, the potential subject will not be eligible for this protocol.

Donor consent will be obtained as per standard protocol of the bone marrow transplant unit.

Last updated 2022-10-27