Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disorder of the blood. It can damage a person s organs and cause serious illness and death. A blood stem cell transplant is the only potential cure for SCD. Treatments that improve survival rates are needed.
To find out if a new antibody drug (JSP191) improves the success of a blood stem cell transplant
People aged 13 or older who are eligible for a blood stem cell transplant to treat SCD. Healthy family members over age 13 who are matched to transplant recipients are also needed to donate blood.
Participants receiving transplants will undergo screening. They will have blood drawn. They will have tests of their breathing and heart function. They may have chest x-rays. A sample of marrow will be collected from a pelvic bone.
Participants will remain in the hospital about 30 days for the transplant and recovery. They will have a large intravenous line inserted into the upper arm or chest. The line will remain in place for the entire transplant and recovery period. The line will be used to draw blood as needed. It will also be used to administer the transplant stem cells as well as various drugs and blood transfusions. Participants will also receive some drugs by mouth.
Participants must remain within 1 hour of the NIH for 3 months after transplant. During that time, they will visit the clinic up to 2 times a week.
Follow-up visits will include tests to evaluate participants mental functions. They will have MRI scans of their brain and heart.
|Priscilla S Pollack, R.N.|
|John F Tisdale, M.D.|
4 Years - 100 Years
Phase 1/Phase 2
Recipient: patients must fulfill one disease category under inclusion criteria 1 and all of criteria 2
1. Patients with sickle cell disease at high risk for disease related morbidity or mortality, defined by having an end-organ damage (A, B, C, D, or E) or complication(s) not ameliorated by SICKLE CELL-SPECIFC THERAPIES (F):
A. Stroke defined as a clinically significant neurologic event that is accompanied by an infarct on cerebral MRI OR an abnormal trans-cranial Doppler examination (>=200 m/s); OR
B. Sickle cell related renal insufficiency defined by a creatinine level >=1.5 times the upper limit of normal (see table below) and kidney biopsy consistent with sickle cell nephropathy OR nephrotic syndrome OR creatinine clearance <60mL/min/1.73m2 for patients <16 years of age or <50mL/min for patients >16 years of age OR requiring peritoneal or hemodialysis. OR
Age (Years) Upper limit of normal serum creatinine (mg/dl)
<= 5 0.8 5 < age <= 10 1.0 10 < age <= 15 1.2 > 15 1.3
C. Tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) of >=2.5 m/s in patients >=18 years of age at least 3 weeks after a vaso-occlusive crisis; OR
D. Recurrent tricorporal priapism defined as at least two episodes of an erection lasting >=4 hours involving the corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosa; OR
E. Sickle hepatopathy defined as EITHER ferritin >1000mcg/L OR direct bilirubin >0.4 mg/dL at baseline in patients >18 years of age; OR
F. Any one of the below complications:
Complication – Eligible for HSCT
Vaso-occlusive crises- More than 1 hospital admission per year while on a therapeutic dose of sickle cell treatment /medication
Acute chest syndrome (ACS)- Any ACS while on sickle cell treatment /medication
Osteonecrosis of 2 or more joints- And on sickle cell treatment /medication where total hemoglobin increase less than 1 g/dL or fetal hemoglobin increases <2.5 times the baseline level Red cell alloimmunization- Total hemoglobin increase <1 g/dL while on therapeutic doses of sickle cell treatment /medication Patients with beta-thalassemia who have grade 2 or 3 iron overload, determined by the presence of 2 or more of the following: portal fibrosis by liver biopsy inadequate chelation history (defined as failure to maintain adequate compliance with chelation with deferoxamine initiated within 18 months of the first transfusion and administered subcutaneously for 8-10 hours at least 5 days each week) hepatomegaly of greater than 2 cm below the costochondral margin or by other imaging scans 2. Non disease specific Ages >=4 years (>=18 years for phase 1 portion of the study)
6/6 HLA matched family donor available
Ability to comprehend and willing to sign an informed consent, assent obtained from minors
Negative serum or urine -HCG, when applicable
Agree to use birth control throughout the study and 12 months after drug product infusion.
Female subjects must agree to use a medically acceptable method of birth control such as oral contraceptive, intrauterine device, barrier and spermicide, or contraceptive implant/injection from start of screening through 12 months after drug product infusion.
Male subjects must agree to use effective contraception (including condoms) from start of screening through 12 months after drug product infusion.
3. Patients and Capacity to Consent
Subject provides informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.
Subject understands and agrees to comply with planned study procedures.
Fully matched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) donors at A, B, C, and DR loci (8 of 8 or 10 of 10) are intended for this study. Donors age 4 or older and >=20 kg, eligible to donate hematopoietic stem cells, who are additionally willing to donate blood for research are eligible for this study. Donors will be evaluated in accordance with existing Standard NIH Policies and Procedures for determination of eligibility and suitability for clinical donation. Note that participation in this study is offered to all eligible donors, but is Abbreviated Title: CD117 Antibody in MRD HCT for beta globin disorders not required for a donor to make a stem cell donation, so it is possible that not all donors will enroll onto this study.
Recipient exclusion criteria
ECOG performance status of 3 or more, or Lanksy performance status of <40 (See Appendix A).
Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) <35% predicted (corrected for hemoglobin and alveolar volume).
Baseline oxygen saturation of <85% or PaO2 <70
Left ventricular ejection fraction: <35% estimated by ECHO
Transaminases >5x upper limit of normal for age
Evidence of uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections (currently taking medication and progression of clinical symptoms) within one month prior to starting the conditioning regimen
Major anticipated illness or organ failure incompatible with survival from PBSC transplant.
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Donor exclusion criteria
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Cognitively impaired subjects