|Kenneth I Ataga, MD|
|Santosh Saraf, MD|
18 Years - 65 Years
HbSS or HbSβ0 thalassemia, 18 – 65 years old;
non-crisis, “steady state” with no acute pain episodes requiring medical contact in preceding 4 weeks;
ability to understand the study requirements.
pregnant at enrollment;
poorly controlled hypertension;
long-standing diabetes with suspicion for diabetic nephropathy;
connective tissue disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE);
polycystic kidney disease or glomerular disease unrelated to SCD;
stem cell transplantation;
untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or C infection; h) history of cancer in last 5 years; i) End-stage renal disease (ESRD) on chronic dialysis; j) prior kidney transplantation.