|Mitchell S Cairo, MD|
|Erin Morris, RN|
6 Months - 34 Years
Disease: Homozygous Hemoglobin S Disease, or Hemoglobin S B0/+ thalassemia, or Hemoglobin SC Disease, or Beta thalassemia intermedia/majora
Patients must demonstrate one or more of the following Sickle Cell Disease Complications (or patients in Cohort 2 can meet other high risk criteria instead)
Clinically significant neurologic event (stroke) or any neurologic deficit lasting >24 hours that is accompanied by an infarct on cerebral MRI
Acute chest syndrome in the preceding two year period prior to enrollment that have failed, been non-compliant or declined hydroxyurea treatment, or prior to chronic RBC transfusion therapy, exchange transfusion or erythrocyte pheresis.
Recurrent painful events (at least 3 in the 2 years prior to enrollment or prior to chronic chronic RBC transfusion therapy, exchange transfusion or erythrocyte pheresis).
Abnormal TCD study requiring starting on chronic transfusion therapy and/or exchange transfusions.
At least one silent infarct lesion on a MRI scan of the head. Or (directly or probably related to SCD)
Sickle Cell nephropathy;
Splenic sequestration requiring RBC transfusion;
Aplastic crisis requiring RBC transfusion;
Avascular necrosis of the hip diagnosed by MRI;
Two episodes or more of leg ulcerations;
Recurrent priapism .
OR for Cohort #2 ONLY: Patient must be between 18 and 34.99 years of age, patients must demonstrate at least two of the following:
WBC > 13,500 cells/microliter at baseline when not acutely ill (on two separate occasions) > 2 weeks from a VOC event or hospitalization.
Tricuspid Regurgitant Jet Velocity (TRV) > 3.0 m/s
Requiring Chronic Monthly Transfusions ( > 12 transfusions in the 12 months)
History of sepsis
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) > 160 ng/L at clinical baseline when not acutely ill or hospitalized.
all patients must meet disease, age, organ function and donor criteria;
Patients who are receiving concomitant systemic anticoagulants and/or fibrinolytic therapies.
Patients with a previously known hypersensitivity reaction to defibrotide.
Females who are pregnant or breast-feeding are not eligible
SCD Patients with documented uncontrolled infection at the time of study entry are not eligible.
SCD patients who have an unaffected HLA matched family donor willing to proceed to donation will not be eligible for this study.
Karnofsky or Lansky (age appropriate) Performance Score <50% (hemiplegia alone secondary to a previous stroke is not an exclusion) Demonstrated lack of compliance with medical care. Patients with clinically significant fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver will not be eligible. Patients who have previously received a HSCT will not be eligible. Patients with contraindications to the use of defibrotide