In this prospective, single-arm, open-label, imaging and treatment study, the investigator will test the hypothesis that crizanlizumab will prevent the progression of silent cerebral infarcts in patients with sickle cell disease. Study participants will undergo brain MRI before initiation of crizanlizumab and at 6 and 30 months after starting crizanlizumab infusions. The crizanlizumab cohort will be compared to a matched, observational cohort of patients not receiving crizanlizumab.
|Andria Ford, MD|
|Nkemdilim N Igwe, MS|
> 16 Years
Adult participants age 16 and older
Sickle cell disease with confirmation of HbSS, HbSBthal0, HbSC, or HbS thal+ genotype
Per patient’s sickle cell provider, patient has an increased risk of a silent cerebral infarcts according to one of the following criteria:
Silent cerebral infarcts visualized on FLAIR MRI within previous two years
Intracranial or extracranial cervical artery vasculopathy
History of overt ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke and Intolerance and/or failure of other therapies to prevent cerebral infarction
Increased severity of sickle cell disease including having between 2 and 10 sickle cell-related pain crises within the preceding 12 months as determined by medical history or by patient’s recall (crises should include the occurrence of appropriate symptoms, a visit to a specific medical facility and/or health care professional, and receipt of pain medication).
Increased risk deemed by other objective laboratory and/or imaging results which have been associated with increased risk of cerebral infarction
Provide written informed consent.
Normal hematologic function defined as: WBC > 4×10^9 / L, ANC >1.5×10^9 / L and platelets > 100×10^9 / L
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must agree to refrain from becoming pregnant while on crizanlizumb and for 3 months after discontinuation from crizanlizumab, and must agree to use adequate contraception including hormonal contraception, (i.e. birth control pills, etc.), barrier method contraception (i.e. condoms), or abstinence during the time-frame
Current chronic transfusion therapy
Planning for hematopoietic stem cell transplant or cerebral revascularization procedure
Use of other investigational drug within one year of study participation
Other medical/neurological/social/substance abuse history that would alter brain MRI findings prospectively
Inability to return for follow-up
Contraindication to MRI
Acute bacterial, fungal, or viral infection
Known HIV, untreated latent tuberculosis (TB), or active hepatitis B or C infection or zoster
Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Negative pregnancy test required prior to starting study treatment.
Known hypersensitivity to one or more of the study agents
Currently receiving or has received any investigational drugs within the 14 days prior to the first dose of study drug
Liver function tests (LFT) higher than 3x the upper limit of normal
Treatment with other monoclonal antibody medications within last 30 days
Treatment with various forms of anticoagulation within last 30 days, including but not limited to coumadin or direct thrombin inhibitors